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Link to bioRxiv paper: http://biorxiv.org/cgi/content/short/2020.08.12.249045v1?rss=1Authors: Bao, Y.-J., Qiu, J., Rodriguez, F., Qiu, H.-J.Abstract: African swine fever virus (ASFV) is a lethal disease agent that causes high mortality in swine population and devastating loss in swine industries. The development of efficacious vaccines has been hin…
 
Link to bioRxiv paper: http://biorxiv.org/cgi/content/short/2020.08.13.249359v1?rss=1Authors: Bobay, L.-M., Buton, A. J.Abstract: Homologous recombination is a key pathway found in nearly all bacterial taxa. The recombination complex allows bacteria to repair DNA double strand breaks but also promotes adaption through the exchange of DNA between ce…
 
Link to bioRxiv paper: http://biorxiv.org/cgi/content/short/2020.08.13.249557v1?rss=1Authors: Chavarie, L., Voelker, S., Hansen, M., Bronte, C., Muir, A., Zimmerman, M., Krueger, c.Abstract: Pathways through which phenotypic variation arises among individuals arise can be complex. One assumption often made in relation to intraspecific diversity is …
 
Link to bioRxiv paper: http://biorxiv.org/cgi/content/short/2020.08.13.249599v1?rss=1Authors: Gross, J., Avrani, S., Katz, S., Hershberg, R.Abstract: Escherichia coli and many other bacterial species, which are incapable of sporulation, can nevertheless survive within resource exhausted media by entering a state termed long-term stationary phase (L…
 
Link to bioRxiv paper: http://biorxiv.org/cgi/content/short/2020.08.13.249128v1?rss=1Authors: Amson, E., Bibi, F.Abstract: The skeleton is involved in most aspects of vertebrate life history. Previous macroevolutionary analyses have shown that structural, historical, and functional factors influence the gross morphology of bone. The inner structure…
 
Link to bioRxiv paper: http://biorxiv.org/cgi/content/short/2020.08.12.248328v1?rss=1Authors: PAPADOPULOS, A. S. T., Helmstetter, A. J., Osborne, O. G., Comeault, A. A., Wood, D. P., Straw, E. A., Mason, L. D., Fay, M. F., Parker, J., Dunning, L. T., Foote, A. D., Smith, R. J., Lighten, J.Abstract: The impact of human mediated environmental change …
 
Link to bioRxiv paper: http://biorxiv.org/cgi/content/short/2020.08.13.250415v1?rss=1Authors: Grant, N. A., Abdel Magid, A., Franklin, J., Dufour, Y. S., Lenski, R.Abstract: Bacteria adopt a wide variety of sizes and shapes, with many species exhibiting stereotypical morphologies. How morphology changes, and over what timescales, is less clear. Pre…
 
Link to bioRxiv paper: http://biorxiv.org/cgi/content/short/2020.08.11.246108v1?rss=1Authors: Lopes, F., Oliveira, L. R., Kessler, A., Crespo, E., Cardenas-Alayza, S., Majluf, P., Sepulveda, M., Brownell, R. L., Franco-Trecu, V., Paez-Rosas, D., Chaves, J., Loch, C., Robertson, B., Acevedo-Whitehouse, K., Elorriaga-Verplancken, F. R., Kirkman, S. P…
 
Link to bioRxiv paper: http://biorxiv.org/cgi/content/short/2020.08.11.247403v1?rss=1Authors: Singh, B., Kumar, A., Uniyal, V. P., GUPTA, S. K.Abstract: We investigated the phylogeographic pattern of red muntjac across its distribution range, intending to address the presence of distinct lineages from Northwest India. The Complete mitogenome analys…
 
Link to bioRxiv paper: http://biorxiv.org/cgi/content/short/2020.08.12.247718v1?rss=1Authors: Liu, S., DECROOCQ, S., Harte, E., Tricon, D., Chague, A., Balakishiyeva, G., Kostritsyna, T., Turdiev, T., Fischer Le Saux, M., Dallot, S., GIRAUD, T., DECROOCQ, V.Abstract: In-depth characterization of the genetic diversity and population structure of wil…
 
Link to bioRxiv paper: http://biorxiv.org/cgi/content/short/2020.08.12.247908v1?rss=1Authors: Hall, C., Camilli, S., Dwaah, H., Kornegay, B., Lacy, C., Hill, M., Hill, A.Abstract: In many freshwater habitats, green algae form intracellular symbioses with a variety of heterotrophic host taxa including several species of freshwater sponge. These spon…
 
Link to bioRxiv paper: http://biorxiv.org/cgi/content/short/2020.08.12.248427v1?rss=1Authors: Kirch, M., Romundset, A., Gilbert, M. T. P., Jones, F. C., Foote, A. D.Abstract: Parallel evolution is typically studied by comparing modern populations from contrasting environments, therefore the chronology of adaptive changes remains poorly understood. …
 
Link to bioRxiv paper: http://biorxiv.org/cgi/content/short/2020.08.12.207332v1?rss=1Authors: Quintero-Galvis, J. F., Saenz-Agudelo, P., Amico, G., Vazquez, S., Celis-Diez, J., Shafer, A., Nespolo, R.Abstract: Aim: Several geological events affecting Southern South America during the middle Miocene climatic optimum acted as important drivers of div…
 
Link to bioRxiv paper: http://biorxiv.org/cgi/content/short/2020.08.12.248096v1?rss=1Authors: Lerch, B. A., Servedio, M. R.Abstract: The widespread presence of same-sex sexual behavior (SSB) has long been thought to pose an evolutionary conundrum [1-3], as participants in SSB suffer the cost of failing to reproduce after expending the time and ener…
 
Link to bioRxiv paper: http://biorxiv.org/cgi/content/short/2020.08.11.247098v1?rss=1Authors: Lim, C. S., Weinstein, B. N., Roy, S. W., Brown, C. M.Abstract: Current evolutionary reconstructions predict that early eukaryotic ancestors including both the last common ancestor of eukaryotes and of all fungi had intron-rich genomes. However, some extan…
 
Link to bioRxiv paper: http://biorxiv.org/cgi/content/short/2020.08.11.247155v1?rss=1Authors: Hickner, P. V., Timoshevskaya, N., Nowling, R. J., Labbe, F., Nguyen, A. D., McDowell, M. A., Spiegel, C. N., Syed, Z.Abstract: Phlebotomine sand flies employ an elaborate system of pheromone communication wherein males produce pheromones that attracts oth…
 
Link to bioRxiv paper: http://biorxiv.org/cgi/content/short/2020.08.11.246462v1?rss=1Authors: Katz, S., Avrani, S., Yavneh, M., Hilau, S., Gross, J., Hershberg, R.Abstract: Many bacterial species that cannot sporulate, such as the model bacterium Escherichia coli, can nevertheless survive for years under resource exhaustion, in a state termed long-…
 
Link to bioRxiv paper: http://biorxiv.org/cgi/content/short/2020.08.09.232769v1?rss=1Authors: Bajdek, P.Abstract: mtDNA-based phylogenetic trees of the order Primates were constructed by the minimum evolution (ME) and maximum likelihood (ML) methods. Branch lengths were compared with the mean female age at first birth in the taxa studied. Higher re…
 
Link to bioRxiv paper: http://biorxiv.org/cgi/content/short/2020.08.08.242503v1?rss=1Authors: Goebl, A. M., Kane, N. C., Doak, D. F., Rieseberg, L. H., Ostevik, K. L.Abstract: Conspecific populations living in adjacent, but contrasting, microenvironments represent excellent systems for studying natural selection. These systems are valuable because …
 
Link to bioRxiv paper: http://biorxiv.org/cgi/content/short/2020.08.10.243626v1?rss=1Authors: Blüml, C., Ramm, S. A., van Benthem, K. J., Wittmann, M. J.Abstract: Although mixed mating systems involving both selfing and outcrossing are fairly common in hermaphrodites, it is unclear how they are maintained. In some species, individuals delay self-f…
 
Link to bioRxiv paper: http://biorxiv.org/cgi/content/short/2020.08.09.243113v1?rss=1Authors: Romanova, D. Y., Smirnov, I. V., Nikitin, M. A., Kohn, A. B., Borman, A., Malyshev, A., Balaban, P. M., Moroz, L. L.Abstract: Placozoa are small disc-shaped animals, representing the simplest known, possibly ancestral, organization of free-living animals. …
 
Link to bioRxiv paper: http://biorxiv.org/cgi/content/short/2020.08.10.243741v1?rss=1Authors: Wheatley, R., Diaz Caballero, J., Kapel, N., Quinn, A., del Barrio-Tofino, E., Lopez-Causape, C., Hedge, J., Torrens, G., Van der Schalk, T., Britto Xavier, B., Fernandez-Cuenca, F., Arenzana, A., Recanatini, C., Timbermont, L., Sifakis, F., Ruzin, A., Ali…
 
Link to bioRxiv paper: http://biorxiv.org/cgi/content/short/2020.08.10.244756v1?rss=1Authors: Jaroszewski, L., Iyer, M., Alisoltani, A., Sedova, M., Godzik, A.Abstract: Fast evolution of the SARS-CoV-2 virus provides us with unique information about the patterns of genetic changes in a single pathogen in the timescale of months. This data is used e…
 
Link to bioRxiv paper: http://biorxiv.org/cgi/content/short/2020.08.06.240713v1?rss=1Authors: Ruan, Y., Wang, H., Zhang, L., Wen, H., Wu, C.-I.Abstract: It is generally accepted that the absence of recombination reduces the efficacy of natural selection for, or against, mutations. A special case is Muller's Ratchet (MR) whereby non-recombining geno…
 
Link to bioRxiv paper: http://biorxiv.org/cgi/content/short/2020.08.06.240747v1?rss=1Authors: Barua, A., Mikheyev, A. S.Abstract: Oral venom systems evolved multiple times in numerous vertebrates enabling exploitation of unique predatory niches. Yet how and when they evolved remains poorly understood. Up to now, most research on venom evolution has…
 
Link to bioRxiv paper: http://biorxiv.org/cgi/content/short/2020.08.07.241885v1?rss=1Authors: Stahlke, A. R., Epstein, B., Barbosa, S., Patton, A., Hendricks, S. A., Veillet, A., Fraik, A. K., Schonfeld, B., McCallum, H., Hamede, R., Jones, M. E., Storfer, A., Hohenlohe, P. A.Abstract: Tasmanian devils (Sarcophilus harrisii) are evolving in respons…
 
Link to bioRxiv paper: http://biorxiv.org/cgi/content/short/2020.08.07.241133v1?rss=1Authors: Salim, B., Takeshima, S.-n., Nakao, R., Moustafa, M. A. M., Ahmed, M.-K. A., Kambal, S. Y., Mwacharo, J. M. M., Giovambattista, G.Abstract: Autochthonous Sudanese cattle breeds, namely Baggara for beef and Butana and Kenana for dairy, are characterized by …
 
Link to bioRxiv paper: http://biorxiv.org/cgi/content/short/2020.08.07.241406v1?rss=1Authors: Goyal, A., Gelbwaser-Klimovsky, D., Gore, J.Abstract: Horizontal gene transfer (HGT) allows organisms to share genetic material with non-offspring, and is typically considered beneficial for evolving populations. Recent unexplained observations suggest tha…
 
Link to bioRxiv paper: http://biorxiv.org/cgi/content/short/2020.08.07.241489v1?rss=1Authors: Sandstedt, G. D., Wu, C. A., Sweigart, A. L.Abstract: Species are often defined by their ability to interbreed (i.e., Biological Species Concept), but determining how and why reproductive isolation arises between new species can be challenging. In the Mimu…
 
Link to bioRxiv paper: http://biorxiv.org/cgi/content/short/2020.07.31.231142v1?rss=1Authors: Freeman, B., Schluter, D., Tobias, J.Abstract: Where is evolution fastest? The biotic interactions hypothesis proposes that greater species richness creates more ecological opportunity, driving faster evolution at low latitudes, whereas the "empty niches" …
 
Link to bioRxiv paper: http://biorxiv.org/cgi/content/short/2020.08.07.242032v1?rss=1Authors: Noble, L. M., Yuen, J., Stevens, L., Moya, N., Persaud, R. S., Moscatelli, M. A., Jackson, J. L., Braendle, C., Andersen, E. C., Seidel, H. S., Rockman, M. V.Abstract: Mating systems have profound effects on genetic diversity and compatibility. The converg…
 
Link to bioRxiv paper: http://biorxiv.org/cgi/content/short/2020.08.06.240416v1?rss=1Authors: Cordaux, R., Chebbi, M. A., Giraud, I., Pleydell, D. R. J., Peccoud, J.Abstract: Sex chromosomes are generally derived from a pair of autosomes that have acquired a locus controlling sex. Sex chromosomes usually evolve reduced recombination around this loc…
 
Link to bioRxiv paper: http://biorxiv.org/cgi/content/short/2020.08.07.240986v1?rss=1Authors: Fraser, B. A., Whiting, J. R., Paris, J. R., Weadick, C. J., Parsons, P. J., Charlesworth, D., Bergero, R., Bemm, F., Hoffmann, M., Kottler, V. A., Liu, C., Dreyer, C., Weigel, D.Abstract: Theory predicts that the sexes can achieve greater fitness if loci …
 
Link to bioRxiv paper: http://biorxiv.org/cgi/content/short/2020.08.07.240150v1?rss=1Authors: Falcao Rodrigues, L., Hertel, A. G., Cruz Lopez, M., Gonzalez-Medina, E., Schroeder, J., Küpper, C., Eberhart-Phillips, L. J.Abstract: Identifying age-dependent trade-offs between reproductive effort and survival in wild organisms is central for understan…
 
Link to bioRxiv paper: http://biorxiv.org/cgi/content/short/2020.08.06.239509v1?rss=1Authors: Fouet, C., Ashu, A. F., Ambadiang, M. M., Tchapga, W., Wondji, C. S., Kamdem, C.Abstract: Background: New active ingredients, mostly repurposed from the agricultural sector, are gradually being introduced into malaria vector control programs. Prior to scal…
 
Link to bioRxiv paper: http://biorxiv.org/cgi/content/short/2020.08.06.239590v1?rss=1Authors: Laine, V. N., Sackton, T. B., Meselson, M. S.Abstract: Nearly all eukaryotes reproduce sexually, either constitutively or facultatively, and nearly all that are thought to be entirely asexual diverged recently from sexuals, implying that loss of sex leads …
 
Link to bioRxiv paper: http://biorxiv.org/cgi/content/short/2020.08.06.240234v1?rss=1Authors: Sen, S., Tiwari, N., Ganesan, R.Abstract: Resolving the evolutionary history of plant carnivory is of great interest to biologists throughout the world. Among the carnivorous plants, Genus Drosera (Droseraceae) is highly diverse with a wide pantropical dis…
 
Link to bioRxiv paper: http://biorxiv.org/cgi/content/short/2020.08.06.239608v1?rss=1Authors: Goldberg, Y., Friedman, J.Abstract: Positive interactions, including intraspecies cooperation and interspecies mutualisms, play crucial roles in shaping the structure and function of many ecosystems, ranging from plant communities to the human microbiome. …
 
Link to bioRxiv paper: http://biorxiv.org/cgi/content/short/2020.08.06.239632v1?rss=1Authors: Ashby, B.Abstract: Parasites can select for sexual reproduction in host populations, preventing replacement by faster growing asexual lineages. This is usually attributed to so-called "Red Queen Dynamics" (RQD), where antagonistic coevolution causes fluctu…
 
Link to bioRxiv paper: http://biorxiv.org/cgi/content/short/2020.08.06.226886v1?rss=1Authors: VanWallendael, A., Alvarez, M., Franks, S. J.Abstract: Premise: Invasive species are expected to experience a reduction in genetic diversity due to founder effects, which should limit their ability to adapt to new habitats. Still, many invasive species ach…
 
Link to bioRxiv paper: http://biorxiv.org/cgi/content/short/2020.08.05.239046v1?rss=1Authors: Morel, B., Barbera, P., Czech, L., Bettisworth, B., Huebner, L., Lutteropp, S., Serdari, D., Kostaki, E.-G., Mamais, I., Kozlov, A., Pavlidis, P. M., Paraskevis, D., Stamatakis, A.Abstract: Numerous studies covering some aspects of SARS-CoV-2 data analyses…
 
Link to bioRxiv paper: http://biorxiv.org/cgi/content/short/2020.08.05.238493v1?rss=1Authors: Johnson, M. M. O., Wilke, C. O.Abstract: In many applications of evolutionary inference, a model of protein evolution needs to be fitted to the amino acid variation at individual sites in a multiple sequence alignment. Most existing models fall into one of…
 
Link to bioRxiv paper: http://biorxiv.org/cgi/content/short/2020.08.04.234435v1?rss=1Authors: Mohammadi, S., Yang, L., Harpak, A., Herrera-Alvarez, S., Rodriguez-Ordonez, M. d. P., Peng, J., Zhang, K., Storz, J. F., Dobler, S., Crawford, A. J., Andolfatto, P.Abstract: Gene duplication is an important source of evolutionary innovation, but the adapt…
 
Link to bioRxiv paper: http://biorxiv.org/cgi/content/short/2020.08.04.236695v1?rss=1Authors: Kratzer, K. V., van der Marel, A., Garroway, C. J., Lopez-Darias, M., Petersen, S. D., Waterman, J. M.Abstract: The adaptive potential of invasive species is thought to decrease during founding events due to reduced genetic diversity, limiting the new popu…
 
Link to bioRxiv paper: http://biorxiv.org/cgi/content/short/2020.08.05.237552v1?rss=1Authors: Murase, Y., Baek, S. K.Abstract: Repeated interaction promotes cooperation among rational individuals under the shadow of future, but it is hard to maintain cooperation when a large number of error-prone individuals are involved. One way to construct a coo…
 
Link to bioRxiv paper: http://biorxiv.org/cgi/content/short/2020.08.05.238378v1?rss=1Authors: Adhikari, K., Son, J. H., Rensink, A. H., Jaweria, J., Bopp, D., Beukeboom, L., Meisel, R. P.Abstract: Sex determination, the developmental process by which sexually dimorphic phenotypes are established, evolves fast. Species with polygenic sex determinati…
 
Link to bioRxiv paper: http://biorxiv.org/cgi/content/short/2020.08.05.237594v1?rss=1Authors: Taverner, A. M., Blaine, L. J., Andolfatto, P.Abstract: The causes of rate variation among sites within proteins are as yet poorly understood. Here, we compare the spatial autocorrelation of non-synonymous substitutions among species within diverse phyloge…
 
Link to bioRxiv paper: http://biorxiv.org/cgi/content/short/2020.08.05.238386v1?rss=1Authors: VanInsberghe, D., Neish, A. S., Lowen, A. C., Koelle, K.Abstract: Viral recombination has the potential to bring about viral genotypes with modified phenotypic characteristics, including transmissibility and virulence. Although the capacity for recombinati…
 
Link to bioRxiv paper: http://biorxiv.org/cgi/content/short/2020.08.05.237339v1?rss=1Authors: Rahman, M. S., Islam, M. R., Ul Alam, A. S. M. R., Islam, I., Hoque, M. N., Akter, S., Rahaman, M. M., Sultana, M., Hossain, M. A.Abstract: The emerging novel coronavirus SARS-CoV-2 has created a global confusing pandemic health crisis that warrants an acc…
 
Link to bioRxiv paper: http://biorxiv.org/cgi/content/short/2020.08.03.231043v1?rss=1Authors: Irisarri, I., Strassert, J. F., Burki, F.Abstract: The origin of plastids was a major evolutionary event that paved the way for an astonishing diversification of photosynthetic eukaryotes. Plastids originated by endosymbiosis between a heterotrophic eukary…
 
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